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Faculty Physicians

Robert M. Kennedy, MD

Professor, Pediatrics
Associate Director, Educational Affairs Emergency Services

Specialty Areas

Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Board Certifications

Pediatrics
Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Areas of Clinical Interest

Pain research, pain management for fracture reduction, facial laceration management in preschool children

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: First Floor
Office Phone: 314-454-6111

Education

Education

Residency: Pediatrics, St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri 1983
Medical Degree: Medical College Of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 1980
B.S.: Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 1976

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Intramolecular interactions between the Dbl homology (DH) domain and the carboxyl-terminal region of myosin II-interacting guanine nucleotide exchange factor (MyoGEF) act as an autoinhibitory mechanism for the regulation of MyoGEF functions.
Wu D, Jiao M, Zu S, Sollecito CC, Jimenez-Cowell K, Mold AJ, Kennedy RM, Wei Q
J Biol Chem. 2014 Dec 5; 289(49)34033-48. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.607267.

PMID:
    25336641
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


An α-smooth muscle actin (acta2/αsma) zebrafish transgenic line marking vascular mural cells and visceral smooth muscle cells.
Whitesell TR, Kennedy RM, Carter AD, Rollins EL, Georgijevic S, Santoro MM, Childs SJ
PLoS One. 2014; 9(3)e90590. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090590.

PMID:
    24594685
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Varsity athletes have lower 2D:4D ratios than other university students.
Giffin NA, Kennedy RM, Jones ME, Barber CA
J Sports Sci. 2012; 30(2)135-8. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.630744.

PMID:
    22132823
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical practice guideline for emergency department ketamine dissociative sedation: 2011 update.
Green SM, Roback MG, Kennedy RM, Krauss B
Ann Emerg Med. 2011 May; 57(5)449-61. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.11.030.

PMID:
    21256625
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Laryngospasm during emergency department ketamine sedation: a case-control study.
Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Emergency Department Ketamine Meta-Analysis Study Group
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Nov; 26(11)798-802. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181fa8737.

PMID:
    20944510
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Frequency and importance of small amount of isolated pelvic free fluid detected with multidetector CT in male patients with blunt trauma.
Yu J, Fulcher AS, Wang DB, Turner MA, Ha JD, McCulloch M, Kennedy RM 4th, Malhotra AK, Halvorsen RA
Radiology. 2010 Sep; 256(3)799-805. doi: 10.1148/radiol.10091903.

PMID:
    20720068
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Experimental and Monte Carlo determination of the TG-43 dosimetric parameters for the model 9011 THINSeed brachytherapy source.
Kennedy RM, Davis SD, Micka JA, DeWerd LA
Med Phys. 2010 Apr; 37(4)1681-8.

PMID:
    20443489
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Anticholinergics and ketamine sedation in children: a secondary analysis of atropine versus glycopyrrolate.
Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Emergency Department Ketamine Meta-analysis Study Group
Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Feb; 17(2)157-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00634.x.

PMID:
    20370745
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Predictors of emesis and recovery agitation with emergency department ketamine sedation: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children.
Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Brown L, McGlone RG, Agrawal D, McKee M, Weiss M, Pitetti RD, Hostetler MA, Wathen JE, Treston G, Garcia Pena BM, Gerber AC, Losek JD, Emergency Department Ketamine Meta-Analysis Study Group
Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2)171-80.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.04.004.

PMID:
    19501426
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Predictors of airway and respiratory adverse events with ketamine sedation in the emergency department: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children.
Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Brown L, McGlone RG, Agrawal D, McKee M, Weiss M, Pitetti RD, Hostetler MA, Wathen JE, Treston G, Garcia Pena BM, Gerber AC, Losek JD, Emergency Department Ketamine Meta-Analysis Study Group
Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2)158-68.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.011.

PMID:
    19201064
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Consensus-based recommendations for standardizing terminology and reporting adverse events for emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia in children.
Bhatt M, Kennedy RM, Osmond MH, Krauss B, McAllister JD, Ansermino JM, Evered LM, Roback MG, Consensus Panel on Sedation Research of Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) and the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)
Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Apr; 53(4)426-435.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.09.030.

PMID:
    19026467
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


On the front lines: lessons learned in implementing multidisciplinary peripheral venous access pain-management programs in pediatric hospitals.
Leahy S, Kennedy RM, Hesselgrave J, Gurwitch K, Barkey M, Millar TF
Pediatrics. 2008 Nov; 122 Suppl 3S161-70. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-1055i.

PMID:
    18978010
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical implications of unmanaged needle-insertion pain and distress in children.
Kennedy RM, Luhmann J, Zempsky WT
Pediatrics. 2008 Nov; 122 Suppl 3S130-3. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-1055e.

PMID:
    18978006
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Oxycodone versus codeine for triage pain in children with suspected forearm fracture: a randomized controlled trial.
Charney RL, Yan Y, Schootman M, Kennedy RM, Luhmann JD
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2008 Sep; 24(9)595-600. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181850ca3.

PMID:
    18772726
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical policy: Critical issues in the sedation of pediatric patients in the emergency department.
Mace SE, Brown LA, Francis L, Godwin SA, Hahn SA, Howard PK, Kennedy RM, Mooney DP, Sacchetti AD, Wears RL, Clark RM, EMSC Panel (Writing Committee) on Critical Issues in the Sedation of Pediatric Patients in the Emergency
Ann Emerg Med. 2008 Apr; 51(4)378-99, 399.e1-57. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.11.001.

PMID:
    18359378
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


A randomized comparison of nitrous oxide plus hematoma block versus ketamine plus midazolam for emergency department forearm fracture reduction in children.
Luhmann JD, Schootman M, Luhmann SJ, Kennedy RM
Pediatrics. 2006 Oct; 118(4)e1078-86.

PMID:
    16966390
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical policy: evidence-based approach to pharmacologic agents used in pediatric sedation and analgesia in the emergency department.
Mace SE, Barata IA, Cravero JP, Dalsey WC, Godwin SA, Kennedy RM, Malley KC, Moss RL, Sacchetti AD, Warden CR, Wears RL, EMSC Grant Panel (Writing Committee) on Pharmacologic Agents Used in Pediatric Sedation and Analgesia in the Emergency Department, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Pediatric Surgical Association, Emergency Nurses Association
J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Oct; 39(10)1472-84.

PMID:
    15486890
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical policy: evidence-based approach to pharmacologic agents used in pediatric sedation and analgesia in the emergency department.
Mace SE, Barata IA, Cravero JP, Dalsey WC, Godwin SA, Kennedy RM, Malley KC, Moss RL, Sacchetti AD, Warden CR, Wears RL, American College of Emergency Physicians
Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Oct; 44(4)342-77.

PMID:
    15459618
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical policy: evidence-based approach to pharmacologic agents used in pediatric sedation and analgesia in the emergency department.
Mace SE, Barata IA, Cravero JP, Dalsey WC, Godwin SA, Kennedy RM, Malley KC, Moss RL, Sacchetti AD, Warden CR, Wears RL, EMSC Grant Panel on Pharmacologic Agents Used in Pediatric Sedation and Analgesis in the Emergency Department
J Emerg Nurs. 2004 Oct; 30(5)447-61.

PMID:
    15452523
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Emergency department management of pain and anxiety related to orthopedic fracture care: a guide to analgesic techniques and procedural sedation in children.
Kennedy RM, Luhmann JD, Luhmann SJ
Paediatr Drugs. 2004; 6(1)11-31.

PMID:
    14969567
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations