Patient Portal

Phillip I. Tarr, MD

Melvin E. Carnahan Professor of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Division of Gastroenterolgy and Nutrition

Specialty Areas

Pediatric Gastroenterology

Board Certifications

Pediatrics
Pediatric Gastroenterology

Hospital Affiliations

St. Louis Children's Hospital

Areas of Clinical Interest

Gastrointestinal diseases, e coli, infectious diseases, nutrition, food safety

  • Location(s)
  • Education
  • Publication & Research
  • In the News
  • Financial Disclosures

Location(s)

Location(s)

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Office Phone: 314-454-6173
Fax: 314-454-2412

Education

Education

Fellowship: Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Washington School of Medicine and Children's Hosptial and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 1989
Research Associate: Seattle Biomedical Intitute, Seattle, Washington 1987
Senior Fellow: Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 1986
Residency: Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine/Children's Orthopedic Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 1983
Medical Degree: Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 1980
A.B.: Biology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 1975

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Predicting Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Renal Failure in Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infected Children.
McKee RS, Schnadower D, Tarr PI, Xie J, Finkelstein Y, Desai N, Lane RD, Bergmann KR, Kaplan RL, Hariharan S, Cruz AT, Cohen DM, Dixon A, Ramgopal S, Rominger A, Powell EC, Kilgar J, Michelson KA, Beer D, Bitzan M, Pruitt CM, Yen K, Meckler GD, Plint AC, Bradin S, Abramo TJ, Gouin S, Kam AJ, Schuh A, Balamuth F, Hunley TE, Kanegaye JT, Jones NE, Avva U, Porter R, Fein DM, Louie JP, Freedman SB, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Collaborative Research Committee (PEMCRC)., Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC).
Clin Infect Dis. 2019 May 24; pii: ciz432. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz432.

PMID:
    31125419
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Lactobacillus for Gastroenteritis in Children. Reply.
Schnadower D, Tarr PI, Freedman SB
N Engl J Med. 2019 May 9; 380(19)e36. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1900909.

PMID:
    31067399
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Impaired Chylomicron Assembly Modifies Hepatic Metabolism Through Bile Acid-Dependent and Transmissible Microbial Adaptations.
Xie Y, Matsumoto H, Kennedy S, Newberry EP, Moritz W, DeBosch BJ, Moley KH, Rubin DC, Warner BW, Kau AL, Tarr PI, Wylie TN, Wylie KM, Davidson NO
Hepatology. 2019 Apr 20; doi: 10.1002/hep.30669.

PMID:
    31004524
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Comparative Evaluation of Enteric Bacterial Culture and a Molecular Multiplex Syndromic Panel in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis.
Kellner T, Parsons B, Chui L, Berenger BM, Xie J, Burnham CA, Tarr PI, Lee BE, Nettel-Aguirre A, Szelewicki J, Vanderkooi OG, Pang XL, Zelyas N, Freedman SB
J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Jun; 57(6)pii: e00205-19. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00205-19.

PMID:
    30971465
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Pigment Visibility on Rectal Swabs Used To Detect Enteropathogens: a Prospective Cohort Study.
Xie J, Tarr GAM, Ali S, Chui L, Pang XL, Lee BE, Vanderkooi OG, Tarr PI, Zhuo R, Parsons B, Berenger BM, Kim K, Freedman SB
J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Jun; 57(6)pii: e00213-19. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00213-19.

PMID:
    30944189
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Performance of commercial tests for molecular detection of Shiga toxin-producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> (STEC): a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.
Tarr GAM, Lin CY, Lorenzetti D, Chui L, Tarr PI, Hartling L, Vandermeer B, Freedman SB
BMJ Open. 2019 Mar 7; 9(3)e025950. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025950.

PMID:
    30850413
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Performance of Stool Testing Recommendations for Acute Gastroenteritis when Used to Identify Children with Nine Potential Bacterial Enteropathogens.
Tarr GAM, Chui L, Lee BE, Pang XL, Ali S, Nettel-Aguirre A, Vanderkooi OG, Berenger BM, Dickinson J, Tarr PI, Drews S, MacDonald J, Kim K, Freedman SB
Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Dec 4; doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy1021.

PMID:
    30517612
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Case definitions of hemolytic uremic syndrome following Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection vary in validity.
Tarr GAM, Oltean HN, Phipps AI, Rabinowitz P, Tarr PI
Int J Med Microbiol. 2018 Dec; 308(8)1121-1127. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2018.10.002.

PMID:
    30466555
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG versus Placebo for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children.
Schnadower D, Tarr PI, Casper TC, Gorelick MH, Dean JM, O'Connell KJ, Mahajan P, Levine AC, Bhatt SR, Roskind CG, Powell EC, Rogers AJ, Vance C, Sapien RE, Olsen CS, Metheney M, Dickey VP, Hall-Moore C, Freedman SB
N Engl J Med. 2018 Nov 22; 379(21)2002-2014. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1802598.

PMID:
    30462938
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Infant diet and maternal gestational weight gain predict early metabolic maturation of gut microbiomes.
Baumann-Dudenhoeffer AM, D'Souza AW, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Dantas G
Nat Med. 2018 Dec; 24(12)1822-1829. doi: 10.1038/s41591-018-0216-2.

PMID:
    30374198
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Diagnostic Interpretation Guidance for Pediatric Enteric Pathogens: A Modified Delphi Consensus Process.
Stang AS, Trudeau M, Vanderkooi OG, Lee BE, Chui L, Pang XL, Allen V, Burnham CD, Goldfarb DM, MacDonald J, Parsons B, Petrich A, Pollari F, Tarr PI, Tipples G, Zhuo R, Freedman SB
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2018; 20182589826. doi: 10.1155/2018/2589826.

PMID:
    30363711
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Multiplex Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing to Diagnose Gut Infections: Challenges, Opportunities, and Result Interpretation.
Anderson NW, Tarr PI
Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2018 Dec; 47(4)793-812. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2018.07.006.

PMID:
    30337033
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Strength of the association between antibiotic use and hemolytic uremic syndrome following Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection varies with case definition.
Tarr GAM, Oltean HN, Phipps AI, Rabinowitz P, Tarr PI
Int J Med Microbiol. 2018 Oct; 308(7)921-926. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2018.06.009.

PMID:
    30257808
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Gut Sphingolipid Composition as a Prelude to Necrotizing Enterocolitis.
Rusconi B, Jiang X, Sidhu R, Ory DS, Warner BB, Tarr PI
Sci Rep. 2018 Jul 20; 8(1)10984. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-28862-4.

PMID:
    30030452
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Relationship between enteric pathogens and acute gastroenteritis disease severity: a prospective cohort study.
Xie J, Nettel-Aguirre A, Lee BE, Chui L, Pang XL, Zhuo R, Parsons B, Vanderkooi OG, Tarr PI, Ali S, Dickinson JA, Hagen E, Svenson LW, MacDonald SE, Drews SJ, Tellier R, Graham T, Lavoie M, MacDonald J, Freedman SB, Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) and the Alberta Provincial Pediatric EnTeric Infection TEam (APPETITE Team).
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2019 Apr; 25(4)454-461. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2018.06.016.

PMID:
    29964235
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Importance of case age in the purported association between phylogenetics and hemolytic uremic syndrome in Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections.
Tarr GAM, Shringi S, Oltean HN, Mayer J, Rabinowitz P, Wakefield J, Tarr PI, Besser TE, Phipps AI
Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Sep; 146(12)1550-1555. doi: 10.1017/S0950268818001632.

PMID:
    29914582
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical and Laboratory Predictors of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infection in Children With Bloody Diarrhea.
McKee RS, Tarr PI, Dietzen DJ, Chawla R, Schnadower D
J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018 Aug 17; 7(3)e116-e122. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piy025.

PMID:
    29617871
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Carriage of Cronobacter sakazakii in the Very Preterm Infant Gut.
Chandrasekaran S, Burnham CD, Warner BB, Tarr PI, Wylie TN
Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 2; 67(2)269-274. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy062.

PMID:
    29394356
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Geogenomic Segregation and Temporal Trends of Human Pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7, Washington, USA, 2005-2014<sup>1</sup>.
Tarr GAM, Shringi S, Phipps AI, Besser TE, Mayer J, Oltean HN, Wakefield J, Tarr PI, Rabinowitz P
Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Jan; 24(1)32-39. doi: 10.3201/eid2401.170851.

PMID:
    29260688
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Microbial antigen encounter during a preweaning interval is critical for tolerance to gut bacteria.
Knoop KA, Gustafsson JK, McDonald KG, Kulkarni DH, Coughlin PE, McCrate S, Kim D, Hsieh CS, Hogan SP, Elson CO, Tarr PI, Newberry RD
Sci Immunol. 2017 Dec 15; 2(18)pii: eaao1314. doi: 10.1126/sciimmunol.aao1314.

PMID:
    29246946
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations

In the News

Financial Disclosures

Financial Disclosures

Disclosure of Financial Interests with Industry

Washington University and its physicians and health professionals are committed to ensuring integrity and objectivity in medical decision-making. Some of our physicians and health professionals work collaboratively with pharmaceutical, medical device or other medical care related companies to develop innovative ideas and products that can improve health care delivery and clinical outcomes for patients. In some instances, our physicians and health professionals have an ownership or potential ownership interest in a commercial company; and/or are paid by a commercial company to provide advice on product design or to speak about the use of medications, devices, equipment or procedures. These payments may include: a) compensation for consulting and speaking engagements, b) equity, and/or c) royalties for products invented by our faculty. Any payments to Washington University physicians or health professionals must be based on tangible services and may not exceed fair market value for their work. In addition to disclosure on this website, physicians and health professionals earning more than $10,000 per year must disclose their corporate financial relationship in writing to patients when prescribing or using that company's products.

This physician reported the following financial interests during calendar year 2018:

Company Name: Medibeacon

Royalties:

Equity: Yes

Consulting/Advisory Board: $20,000 - $39,999

Speaker Fees:

Reporting Date: May 01, 2019