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Faculty Physicians

Phillip I. Tarr, MD

Melvin E. Carnahan Professor of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Division of Gastroenterolgy and Nutrition

Specialty Areas

Pediatric Gastroenterology

Board Certifications

Pediatrics
Pediatric Gastroenterology

Hospital Affiliations

St. Louis Children's Hospital

Areas of Clinical Interest

Gastrointestinal diseases, e coli, infectious diseases, nutrition, food safety

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Office Phone: 314-454-6173
Fax: 314-454-2412

Education

Education

Fellowship: Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Washington School of Medicine and Children's Hosptial and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 1989
Research Associate: Seattle Biomedical Intitute, Seattle, Washington 1987
Senior Fellow: Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 1986
Residency: Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine/Children's Orthopedic Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 1983
Medical Degree: Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 1980
A.B.: Biology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 1975

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Use of the lactulose to mannitol ratio to evaluate childhood environmental enteric dysfunction: a systematic review.
Denno DM, VanBuskirk K, Nelson ZC, Musser CA, Hay Burgess DC, Tarr PI
Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1; 59 Suppl 4S213-9. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu541.

PMID:
    25305289
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Environmental enteric dysfunction: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and clinical consequences.
Keusch GT, Denno DM, Black RE, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Nataro JP, Rosenberg IH, Ryan ET, Tarr PI, Ward H, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Hay Burgess DC, Brewer T
Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1; 59 Suppl 4S207-12. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu485.

PMID:
    25305288
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Patterned progression of bacterial populations in the premature infant gut.
La Rosa PS, Warner BB, Zhou Y, Weinstock GM, Sodergren E, Hall-Moore CM, Stevens HJ, Bennett WE Jr, Shaikh N, Linneman LA, Hoffmann JA, Hamvas A, Deych E, Shands BA, Shannon WD, Tarr PI
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Aug 26; 111(34)12522-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1409497111.

PMID:
    25114261
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Development of an enhanced human gastrointestinal epithelial culture system to facilitate patient-based assays.
VanDussen KL, Marinshaw JM, Shaikh N, Miyoshi H, Moon C, Tarr PI, Ciorba MA, Stappenbeck TS
Gut. 2015 Jun; 64(6)911-20. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306651.

PMID:
    25007816
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Unexplained benefits of antibiotics in childhood: empiricism in need of enlightenment.
Holtz LR, Tarr PI
J Infect Dis. 2014 Aug 15; 210(4)514-6. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu172.

PMID:
    24652497
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Sepsis from the gut: the enteric habitat of bacteria that cause late-onset neonatal bloodstream infections.
Carl MA, Ndao IM, Springman AC, Manning SD, Johnson JR, Johnston BD, Burnham CA, Weinstock ES, Weinstock GM, Wylie TN, Mitreva M, Abubucker S, Zhou Y, Stevens HJ, Hall-Moore C, Julian S, Shaikh N, Warner BB, Tarr PI
Clin Infect Dis. 2014 May; 58(9)1211-8. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu084.

PMID:
    24647013
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Fecal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in healthy children.
Gurnee EA, Ndao IM, McGhee JE, Warner BB, Tarr PI, Fritz SA, Burnham CA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014; 58(2)1261-2. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02466-13.

PMID:
    24277049
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Pediatric fecal microbiota harbor diverse and novel antibiotic resistance genes.
Moore AM, Patel S, Forsberg KJ, Wang B, Bentley G, Razia Y, Qin X, Tarr PI, Dantas G
PLoS One. 2013; 8(11)e78822. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078822.

PMID:
    24236055
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Implications of acquired environmental enteric dysfunction for growth and stunting in infants and children living in low- and middle-income countries.
Keusch GT, Rosenberg IH, Denno DM, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Tarr PI, Ward HD, Black RE, Nataro JP, Ryan ET, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Burgess DC, Brewer T
Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Sep; 34(3)357-64.

PMID:
    24167916
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Precise dissection of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak by single nucleotide polymorphism analysis.
Turabelidze G, Lawrence SJ, Gao H, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM, Abubucker S, Wylie T, Mitreva M, Shaikh N, Gautom R, Tarr PI
J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Dec; 51(12)3950-4. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01930-13.

PMID:
    24048526
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Treatment of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections.
Davis TK, McKee R, Schnadower D, Tarr PI
Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2013 Sep; 27(3)577-97. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2013.05.010.

PMID:
    24011831
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Intestinal inflammatory biomarkers and outcome in pediatric Clostridium difficile infections.
El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Tarr PI, Haslam DB
J Pediatr. 2013 Dec; 163(6)1697-1704.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.029.

PMID:
    24011765
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Viral co-infections are common and are associated with higher bacterial burden in children with clostridium difficile infection.
El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Tarr PI, Haslam DB
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Dec; 57(6)813-6. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182a3202f.

PMID:
    23838821
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Dysregulation of angiopoietin 1 and 2 in Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome.
Page AV, Tarr PI, Watkins SL, Rajwans N, Petruzziello-Pellegrini TN, Marsden PA, Kain KC, Liles WC
J Infect Dis. 2013 Sep; 208(6)929-33. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit268.

PMID:
    23801605
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Validation of the modified Vesikari score in children with gastroenteritis in 5 US emergency departments.
Schnadower D, Tarr PI, Gorelick MH, O'Connell K, Roskind CG, Powell EC, Rao J, Bhatt S, Freedman SB
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Oct; 57(4)514-9. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31829ae5a3.

PMID:
    23676445
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Gastrointestinal viruses were not found as an aetiology of culture-negative illness in NICU patients.
Melamed R, Storch GA, Warner BB, Tarr PI
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2013 Jul; 98(4)F374-5. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-303807.

PMID:
    23563694
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Editorial commentary: Clostridium difficile in children: colonization and consequences.
El Feghaly RE, Tarr PI
Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Jul; 57(1)9-12. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit160.

PMID:
    23532471
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Markers of intestinal inflammation, not bacterial burden, correlate with clinical outcomes in Clostridium difficile infection.
El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Deych E, Gonzalez C, Tarr PI, Haslam DB
Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Jun; 56(12)1713-21. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit147.

PMID:
    23487367
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Biogeography of the ecosystems of the healthy human body.
Zhou Y, Gao H, Mihindukulasuriya KA, La Rosa PS, Wylie KM, Vishnivetskaya T, Podar M, Warner B, Tarr PI, Nelson DE, Fortenberry JD, Holland MJ, Burr SE, Shannon WD, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM
Genome Biol. 2013 Jan 14; 14(1)R1. doi: 10.1186/gb-2013-14-1-r1.

PMID:
    23316946
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Use and accuracy of diagnostic imaging by hospital type in pediatric appendicitis.
Saito JM, Yan Y, Evashwick TW, Warner BW, Tarr PI
Pediatrics. 2013 Jan; 131(1)e37-44. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1665.

PMID:
    23266930
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations