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Keith H. Bridwell, M.D.

J. Albert Key Distinguished Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Neurological Surgery
Founder and Program Director, Washington University Spine Fellowship
Founder and Co-Director, Pediatric/Adult Spinal Deformity Service

Specialty Areas

Orthopedic Surgery
Scoliosis
Spine Surgery - Orthopedic
Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery

Board Certifications

Orthopedic Surgery

Hospital Affiliations

Shriners Hospital for Children - St. Louis
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Areas of Clinical Interest

Orthopedics, pediatric and adult spinal deformities, revision spinal surgeries, complex spinal disorders, scoliosis, kyphosis, and orthopedic spine deformities

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: Suite A
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Center for Advanced Medicine
Neurosurgical Cervical Spine Institute and Spine Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: B
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500
Fax: (314) 747-2599

Center for Advanced Medicine
Orthopedic Surgery Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110
Phone: 314-514-3500

Suite: A
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Shriners Hospitals for Children

4400 Clayton Road
St. Louis, MO 63110

Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Education

Education

Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Chicago Shriner's Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, University of Illinois Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Hospital 1982
Residency: Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1981
Medical Degree: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1977

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Results of Revision Surgery for Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Following Posterior Segmental Instrumentation: Minimum 2-Year Post-Revision Follow-up.
Kim YC, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hyun SJ, You KH, Kim YW, Chang HG, Kelly MP, Koester LA, Blanke KM, Bumpass DB
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Apr 26;

PMID:
    27128389
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Failure of Intraoperative Monitoring to Detect Postoperative Neurologic Deficits: A 25-year Experience in 12,375 Spinal Surgeries.
Raynor BL, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Buchowski JM, Luhmann SJ
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Sep; 41(17)1387-93. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001531.

PMID:
    26913466
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Patient Factors That Influence Decision Making: Randomization Versus Observational Nonoperative Versus Observational Operative Treatment for Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis.
Neuman BJ, Baldus C, Zebala LP, Kelly MP, Shaffrey C, Edwards C 2nd, Koski T, Schwab F, Glassman S, Parent S, Lewis S, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Smith JS, Crawford CH 3rd, Kim HJ, Lafage V, Lurie J, Carreon L, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Mar; 41(6)E349-58. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001222.

PMID:
    26571162
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Genetic Risk for Aortic Aneurysm in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
Haller G, Alvarado DM, Willing MC, Braverman AC, Bridwell KH, Kelly M, Lenke LG, Luhmann SJ, Gurnett CA, Dobbs MB
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Sep 2; 97(17)1411-7. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00290.

PMID:
    26333736
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Factors associated with long-term patient-reported outcomes after three-column osteotomies.
O'Neill KR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Neuman BJ, Kim HJ, Archer KR
Spine J. 2015 Nov 1; 15(11)2312-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2015.06.044.

PMID:
    26096470
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


What's New in Spine Surgery.
Bridwell KH, Anderson PA, Boden SD, Kim HJ, Vaccaro A, Wang JC
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 17; 97(12)1022-30. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00080.

PMID:
    26085537
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Association Between Surgeon Experience and Complication Rates in Adult Scoliosis Surgery: A Review of 5117 Cases From the Scoliosis Research Society Database 2004-2007.
Skovrlj B, Cho SK, Caridi JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim YJ
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 1; 40(15)1200-5. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000993.

PMID:
    25996540
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Risks and outcomes of spinal deformity surgery in Chiari malformation, Type 1, with syringomyelia versus adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Godzik J, Holekamp TF, Limbrick DD, Lenke LG, Park TS, Ray WZ, Bridwell KH, Kelly MP
Spine J. 2015 Sep 1; 15(9)2002-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2015.04.048.

PMID:
    25959792
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


SRS22R Appearance Domain Correlates Most With Patient Satisfaction After Adult Deformity Surgery to the Sacrum at 5-year Follow-up.
Gum JL, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Bumpass DB, Sugrue PA, Karikari IO, Carreon LY
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 15; 40(16)1297-302. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000961.

PMID:
    25943086
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


The minimum clinically important difference in SRS-22R total score, appearance, activity and pain domains after surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity.
Crawford CH 3rd, Glassman SD, Bridwell KH, Berven SH, Carreon LY
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Mar 15; 40(6)377-81. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000761.

PMID:
    25774463
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Risk factors for and assessment of symptomatic pseudarthrosis after lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy in adult spinal deformity.
Dickson DD, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Koester LA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Jul 1; 39(15)1190-5. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000380.

PMID:
    25171067
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


It may be more than age and experience: commentary on an article by Patrick J. Cahill, MD, et al.: "the effect of surgeon experience on outcomes of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis".
Bridwell KH
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20; 96(16)e144. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.N.00560.

PMID:
    25143512
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


The prevalence of abnormal preoperative neurological examination in Scheuermann kyphosis: correlation with X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, and surgical outcome.
Cho W, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hu G, Buchowski JM, Dorward IG, Pahys JM, Cho SK, Kang MM, Zebala LP, Koester LA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Oct 1; 39(21)1771-6. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000519.

PMID:
    25029218
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


What's New in Spine Surgery.
Bridwell KH, Anderson PA, Boden SD, Kim HJ, Vaccaro AR, Wang JC
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Jun 18; 96(12)1048-1054.

PMID:
    24951742
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Management of complications following radiofrequency ablation of a pedicle osteoid osteoma.
Owen JW, Bridwell KH, Gilula LA
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 Jun; 43(6)E124-8.

PMID:
    24945484
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Extension of spine fusion to the sacrum following long fusions for deformity correction.
OʼNeill KR, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chuntarapas T, Dorward I, Neuman B, Ahmad A, Baldus C
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 May 20; 39(12)953-62. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000327.

PMID:
    24718063
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Does preoperative narcotic use adversely affect outcomes and complications after spinal deformity surgery? A comparison of nonnarcotic- with narcotic-using groups.
Mesfin A, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Akhtar U, Jupitz JM, Fogelson JL, Hershman SH, Kim HJ, Koester LA
Spine J. 2014 Dec 1; 14(12)2819-25. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2014.03.049.

PMID:
    24704676
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical and radiographic outcomes after 3-column osteotomies with 5-year follow-up.
Oʼneill KR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hyun SJ, Neuman B, Dorward I, Koester L
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Mar 1; 39(5)424-32. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000156.

PMID:
    24573074
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Patients with proximal junctional kyphosis requiring revision surgery have higher postoperative lumbar lordosis and larger sagittal balance corrections.
Kim HJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Park MS, Song KS, Piyaskulkaew C, Chuntarapas T
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 20; 39(9)E576-80. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000246.

PMID:
    24480958
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Pulmonary function improvement after vertebral column resection for severe spinal deformity.
Bumpass DB, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stallbaumer JJ, Kim YJ, Wallendorf MJ, Min WK, Sides BA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 1; 39(7)587-95. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000192.

PMID:
    24384665
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations

Areas of Research Interest

Principal Investigator, NIH/RO1 (AR055176-01A2) - A Multi-Centered Prospective Study of Quality of Life in Adult Scoliosis