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Keith H. Bridwell, M.D.

J. Albert Key Distinguished Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Neurological Surgery
Founder and Program Director, Washington University Spine Fellowship
Founder and Co-Director, Pediatric/Adult Spinal Deformity Service

Specialty Areas

Orthopedic Surgery
Scoliosis
Spine Surgery - Orthopedic
Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery

Board Certifications

Orthopedic Surgery

Hospital Affiliations

Shriners Hospital for Children - St. Louis
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Areas of Clinical Interest

Orthopedics, pediatric and adult spinal deformities, revision spinal surgeries, complex spinal disorders, scoliosis, kyphosis, and orthopedic spine deformities

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: Suite A
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Center for Advanced Medicine
Neurosurgical Cervical Spine Institute and Spine Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: B
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500
Fax: (314) 747-2599

Center for Advanced Medicine
Orthopedic Surgery Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110
Phone: 314-514-3500

Suite: A
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Shriners Hospitals for Children

4400 Clayton Road
St. Louis, MO 63110

Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Education

Education

Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Chicago Shriner's Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, University of Illinois Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Hospital 1982
Residency: Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1981
Medical Degree: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1977

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Decompression in Adult Lumbar Deformity Surgery Is Associated With Increased Perioperative Complications but Favorable Long-Term Outcomes.
Karikari IO, Bridwell KH, Elsamadicy AA, Lenke LG, Sugrue P, Bumpass D, Ahmad A, Gum J
Global Spine J. 2018 Apr; 8(2)110-113. doi: 10.1177/2192568217735509.

PMID:
    29662739
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Rod fracture in adult spinal deformity surgery fused to the sacrum: prevalence, risk factors, and impact on health-related quality of life in 526 patients.
Lertudomphonwanit T, Kelly MP, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, McAnany SJ, Punyarat P, Bryan TP, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Sides BA, Steger-May K, Gupta MC
Spine J. 2018 Feb 28; pii: S1529-9430(18)30065-2. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.02.008.

PMID:
    29501749
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


SRS-22R Minimum Clinically Important Difference and Substantial Clinical Benefit After Adult Lumbar Scoliosis Surgery.
Carreon LY, Kelly MP, Crawford CH 3rd, Baldus CR, Glassman SD, Shaffrey CI, Bridwell KH
Spine Deform. 2018 Jan; 6(1)79-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2017.05.006.

PMID:
    29287822
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Health-Related Quality of Life Scores Underestimate the Impact of Major Complications in Lumbar Degenerative Scoliosis Surgery.
Glassman SD, Bridwell KH, Shaffrey CI, Edwards CC 2nd, Lurie JD, Baldus CR, Carreon LY
Spine Deform. 2018 Jan; 6(1)67-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2017.05.003.

PMID:
    29287820
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Health-related quality of life outcomes in complex adult spinal deformity surgery.
Riley MS, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Dalton J, Kelly MP
J Neurosurg Spine. 2018 Feb; 28(2)194-200. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.SPINE17357.

PMID:
    29171797
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Serious Adverse Events Significantly Reduce Patient-Reported Outcomes at 2-Year Follow-up: Nonoperative Multicenter Prospective NIH Study of 105 Patients.
Pugely AJ, Kelly MP, Baldus CR, Gao Y, Zebala L, Shaffrey C, Glassman S, Boachie-Adjei O, Parent S, Lewis S, Koski T, Edwards C 2nd, Schwab F, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Oct 31; doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002479.

PMID:
    29095407
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Factor analysis of the SRS-22 outcome assessment instrument in patients with adult spinal deformity.
Mannion AF, Elfering A, Bago J, Pellise F, Vila-Casademunt A, Richner-Wunderlin S, Domingo-Sàbat M, Obeid I, Acaroglu E, Alanay A, Pérez-Grueso FS, Baldus CR, Carreon LY, Bridwell KH, Glassman SD, Kleinstück F, European Spine Study Group (ESSG).
Eur Spine J. 2018 Mar; 27(3)685-699. doi: 10.1007/s00586-017-5279-0.

PMID:
    28866740
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Incidence of Cancer in Spinal Deformity Patients Receiving High-Dose (≥40 mg) Bone Morphogenetic Protein (rhBMP-2).
Baldus C, Kelly MP, Yanik EL, Drake BF, Ahmad A, Mesfin A, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Dec 1; 42(23)1785-1791. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002232.

PMID:
    28498289
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Neurologic Deficits Have a Negative Impact on Patient-Related Outcomes in Primary Presentation Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis Surgical Treatment at One-Year Follow-up.
Kang DG, Baldus C, Glassman SD, Shaffrey CI, Lurie JD, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Apr 1; 42(7)479-489. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001800.

PMID:
    28351071
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


The Substantial Clinical Benefit Threshold for SRS-22R Domains After Surgical Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity.
Crawford CH 3rd, Glassman SD, Bridwell KH, Carreon LY
Spine Deform. 2016 Sep; 4(5)373-377. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2016.05.001.

PMID:
    27927495
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Baseline Patient-Reported Outcomes Correlate Weakly With Radiographic Parameters: A Multicenter, Prospective NIH Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis Study of 286 Patients.
Chapman TM Jr, Baldus CR, Lurie JD, Glassman SD, Schwab FJ, Shaffrey CI, Lafage V, Boachie-Adjei O, Kim HJ, Smith JS, Crawford CH 3rd, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Edwards C 2nd, Koski T, Parent S, Lewis S, Kang DG, McClendon J Jr, Metz L, Zebala LP, Kelly MP, Spratt KF, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Nov 15; 41(22)1701-1708.

PMID:
    27831984
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Impact of Age on Change in Self-Image 5 Years After Complex Spinal Fusion (≥5 Levels).
Elsamadicy AA, Adogwa O, Sergesketter A, Behrens S, Hobbs C, Bridwell KH, Karikari IO
World Neurosurg. 2017 Jan; 97112-116. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.09.095.

PMID:
    27713066
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Results of Revision Surgery for Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Following Posterior Segmental Instrumentation: Minimum 2-Year Postrevision Follow-Up.
Kim YC, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hyun SJ, You KH, Kim YW, Chang HG, Kelly MP, Koester LA, Blanke KM, Bumpass DB
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Dec 15; 41(24)E1444-E1452.

PMID:
    27128389
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Failure of Intraoperative Monitoring to Detect Postoperative Neurologic Deficits: A 25-year Experience in 12,375 Spinal Surgeries.
Raynor BL, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Buchowski JM, Luhmann SJ
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Sep; 41(17)1387-93. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001531.

PMID:
    26913466
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Patient Factors That Influence Decision Making: Randomization Versus Observational Nonoperative Versus Observational Operative Treatment for Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis.
Neuman BJ, Baldus C, Zebala LP, Kelly MP, Shaffrey C, Edwards C 2nd, Koski T, Schwab F, Glassman S, Parent S, Lewis S, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Smith JS, Crawford CH 3rd, Kim HJ, Lafage V, Lurie J, Carreon L, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Mar; 41(6)E349-58. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001222.

PMID:
    26571162
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Genetic Risk for Aortic Aneurysm in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
Haller G, Alvarado DM, Willing MC, Braverman AC, Bridwell KH, Kelly M, Lenke LG, Luhmann SJ, Gurnett CA, Dobbs MB
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Sep 2; 97(17)1411-7. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00290.

PMID:
    26333736
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Factors associated with long-term patient-reported outcomes after three-column osteotomies.
O'Neill KR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Neuman BJ, Kim HJ, Archer KR
Spine J. 2015 Nov 1; 15(11)2312-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2015.06.044.

PMID:
    26096470
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


What's New in Spine Surgery.
Bridwell KH, Anderson PA, Boden SD, Kim HJ, Vaccaro A, Wang JC
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 17; 97(12)1022-30. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00080.

PMID:
    26085537
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Association Between Surgeon Experience and Complication Rates in Adult Scoliosis Surgery: A Review of 5117 Cases From the Scoliosis Research Society Database 2004-2007.
Skovrlj B, Cho SK, Caridi JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim YJ
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 1; 40(15)1200-5. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000993.

PMID:
    25996540
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Risks and outcomes of spinal deformity surgery in Chiari malformation, Type 1, with syringomyelia versus adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Godzik J, Holekamp TF, Limbrick DD, Lenke LG, Park TS, Ray WZ, Bridwell KH, Kelly MP
Spine J. 2015 Sep 1; 15(9)2002-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2015.04.048.

PMID:
    25959792
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations

Areas of Research Interest

Principal Investigator, NIH/RO1 (AR055176-01A2) - A Multi-Centered Prospective Study of Quality of Life in Adult Scoliosis