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Faculty Physicians

Keith H. Bridwell, M.D.

J. Albert Key Distinguished Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Neurological Surgery
Founder and Program Director, Washington University Spine Fellowship
Founder and Co-Director, Pediatric/Adult Spinal Deformity Service

Specialty Areas

Orthopedic Surgery
Scoliosis
Spine Surgery - Orthopedic
Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery

Board Certifications

Orthopedic Surgery

Areas of Clinical Interest

Orthopedics, pediatric and adult spinal deformities, revision spinal surgeries, complex spinal disorders, scoliosis, kyphosis, and orthopedic spine deformities

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

St. Louis Children’s Hospital

1 Children’s Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: Suite A
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Center for Advanced Medicine
Neurosurgical Cervical Spine Institute and Spine Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: B
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500
Fax: (314) 747-2599

Center for Advanced Medicine
Orthopedic Surgery Center

4921 Parkview Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: A
Floor: 6
Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Shriner's Hospital for Children - St Louis

4400 Clayton Road
St. Louis, MO 63110

Office Phone: (314) 514-3500

Education

Education

Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Chicago Shriner's Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, University of Illinois Hospital 1982
Fellowship: Spine/Scoliosis Research Fellowship, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Hospital 1982
Residency: Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1981
Medical Degree: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1977

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

What's New in Spine Surgery.
Bridwell KH, Anderson PA, Boden SD, Kim HJ, Vaccaro A, Wang JC
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 17; 97(12)1022-30. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00080.

PMID:
    26085537
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Risk factors for and assessment of symptomatic pseudarthrosis after lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy in adult spinal deformity.
Dickson DD, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Koester LA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Jul 1; 39(15)1190-5. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000380.

PMID:
    25171067
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


It may be more than age and experience: commentary on an article by Patrick J. Cahill, MD, et al.: "the effect of surgeon experience on outcomes of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis".
Bridwell KH
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20; 96(16)e144. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.N.00560.

PMID:
    25143512
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Management of complications following radiofrequency ablation of a pedicle osteoid osteoma.
Owen JW, Bridwell KH, Gilula LA
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 Jun; 43(6)E124-8.

PMID:
    24945484
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Extension of spine fusion to the sacrum following long fusions for deformity correction.
OʼNeill KR, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chuntarapas T, Dorward I, Neuman B, Ahmad A, Baldus C
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 May 20; 39(12)953-62. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000327.

PMID:
    24718063
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical and radiographic outcomes after 3-column osteotomies with 5-year follow-up.
Oʼneill KR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hyun SJ, Neuman B, Dorward I, Koester L
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Mar 1; 39(5)424-32. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000156.

PMID:
    24573074
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Patients with proximal junctional kyphosis requiring revision surgery have higher postoperative lumbar lordosis and larger sagittal balance corrections.
Kim HJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Park MS, Song KS, Piyaskulkaew C, Chuntarapas T
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 20; 39(9)E576-80. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000246.

PMID:
    24480958
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Pulmonary function improvement after vertebral column resection for severe spinal deformity.
Bumpass DB, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stallbaumer JJ, Kim YJ, Wallendorf MJ, Min WK, Sides BA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 1; 39(7)587-95. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000192.

PMID:
    24384665
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Comparison of TLIF with rhBMP-2 versus no TLIF and higher posterolateral rhBMP-2 dose at L5-S1 for long fusions to the sacrum with sacropelvic fixation in patients with primary adult deformity.
Rahman RK, Buchowski JM, Stephens B, Dorward IG, Koester LA, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 15; 38(26)2264-71. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000045.

PMID:
    24108280
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


High-dose rhBMP-2 for adults: major and minor complications: a study of 502 spine cases.
Mesfin A, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Bakhsh WR, Aronson AB, Fogelson JL, Hershman S, Kim HJ, Ahmad A, Bridwell KH
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Sep 4; 95(17)1546-53. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.01730.

PMID:
    24005194
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Corticosteroids can reduce the severity of scoliosis in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
Connolly AM, Kim HJ, Bridwell KH
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Jun 19; 95(12)e86. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.M.00428.

PMID:
    23783217
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


What's new in spine surgery.
Bridwell KH, Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro AR, Wang JC
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Jun 19; 95(12)1144-50. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.M.00141.

PMID:
    23783211
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Fate of the adult revision spinal deformity patient: a single institution experience.
Kelly MP, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Agarwal R, Godzik J, Koester L
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Sep 1; 38(19)E1196-200. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31829e764b.

PMID:
    23759813
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Arachnoiditis ossificans after revision adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery: a 22-year follow-up and review.
Bakhsh WR, Mesfin A, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Aug 15; 38(18)E1166-70. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31829d43a5.

PMID:
    23722605
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Does correction of preoperative coronal imbalance make a difference in outcomes of adult patients with deformity?
Daubs MD, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ, Hung M, Cheh G, Koester LA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Mar 15; 38(6)476-83. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182846eb3.

PMID:
    23492973
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Proximal junctional kyphosis in primary adult deformity surgery: evaluation of 20 degrees as a critical angle.
Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho SK, Pahys JM, Zebala LP, Dorward IG, Cho W, Baldus C, Hill BW, Kang MM
Neurosurgery. 2013 Jun; 72(6)899-906. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31828bacd8.

PMID:
    23407291
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


RhBMP-2 is superior to iliac crest bone graft for long fusions to the sacrum in adult spinal deformity: 4- to 14-year follow-up.
Kim HJ, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Dickson DD, Koester L, Bridwell KH
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jun 15; 38(14)1209-15. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31828b656d.

PMID:
    23392417
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Proximal junctional kyphosis results in inferior SRS pain subscores in adult deformity patients.
Kim HJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Park MS, Ahmad A, Song KS, Piyaskulkaew C, Hershman S, Fogelson J, Mesfin A
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 May 15; 38(11)896-901. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182815b42.

PMID:
    23232215
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Significant change or loss of intraoperative monitoring data: a 25-year experience in 12,375 spinal surgeries.
Raynor BL, Bright JD, Lenke LG, Rahman RK, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Buchowski JM, Luhmann SJ, Padberg AM
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jan 15; 38(2)E101-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31827aafb9.

PMID:
    23124262
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Clinical and radiographic parameters that distinguish between the best and worst outcomes of scoliosis surgery for adults.
Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Glassman SD, Carreon LY, Schwab FJ, Lafage V, Arlet V, Fu KM, Bridwell KH, Spinal Deformity Study Group
Eur Spine J. 2013 Feb; 22(2)402-10. doi: 10.1007/s00586-012-2547-x.

PMID:
    23073746
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations

Areas of Research Interest

Principal Investigator, NIH/RO1 (AR055176-01A2) - A Multi-Centered Prospective Study of Quality of Life in Adult Scoliosis