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Joan L. Luby, MD

Samuel and Mae S. Ludwig Professor of Child Psychiatry
Director, Early Emotional Development Program

Specialty Areas

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Infant/Preschool Mental Disorders

Board Certifications

Child Psychiatry
Psychiatry

Hospital Affiliations

Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Missouri Baptist Medical Center
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Areas of Clinical Interest

Mood disorders in preschool children: diagnosis and treatment, developmental psychopathology, mental disorders in preschool children, Dyadic Play Therapy for preschool mood disorders, and preschool psychiatry.

  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Education

Education

Fellowship: Child Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 1990
Residency: Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 1988
Medical Degree: Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 1985
A.B.: Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 1981

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

Latent Class Profiles of Anxiety Symptom Trajectories From Preschool Through School Age.
Kertz SJ, Sylvester C, Tillman R, Luby JL
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2017 Mar 20; 1-16. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2017.1295380.

PMID:
    28318338
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Genetic Risk Score Analysis in Early-Onset Bipolar Disorder.
Croarkin PE, Luby JL, Cercy K, Geske JR, Veldic M, Simonson M, Joshi PT, Wagner KD, Walkup JT, Nassan MM, Cuellar-Barboza AB, Casuto L, McElroy SL, Jensen PS, Frye MA, Biernacka JM
J Clin Psychiatry. 2017 Feb 14; doi: 10.4088/JCP.15m10314.

PMID:
    28199072
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Face processing in adolescents with positive and negative threat bias.
Sylvester CM, Petersen SE, Luby JL, Barch DM
Psychol Med. 2017 Apr; 47(5)800-809. doi: 10.1017/S003329171600310X.

PMID:
    27873557
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Neural Correlates of Reward Processing in Depressed and Healthy Preschool-Age Children.
Belden AC, Irvin K, Hajcak G, Kappenman ES, Kelly D, Karlow S, Luby JL, Barch DM
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 Dec; 55(12)1081-1089. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.09.503.

PMID:
    27871643
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Dampening Positive Affect and Neural Reward Responding in Healthy Children: Implications for Affective Inflexibility.
Gilbert KE, Luking KR, Pagliaccio D, Luby JL, Barch DM
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2016 Nov 7; 1-11. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2016.1233502.

PMID:
    27819484
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Early Adversity, Psychopathology, and Latent Class Profiles of Global Physical Health From Preschool Through Early Adolescence.
Whalen DJ, Belden AC, Tillman R, Barch DM, Luby JL
Psychosom Med. 2016 Nov/Dec; 78(9)1008-1018.

PMID:
    27749744
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Predictors of change in depressive symptoms from preschool to first grade.
Reinfjell T, Kårstad SB, Berg-Nielsen TS, Luby JL, Wichstrøm L
Dev Psychopathol. 2016 Nov; 28(4pt2)1517-1530.

PMID:
    26645908
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Variation in common preschool sleep problems as an early predictor for depression and anxiety symptom severity across time.
Whalen DJ, Gilbert KE, Barch DM, Luby JL, Belden AC
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2017 Feb; 58(2)151-159. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12639.

PMID:
    27616560
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Reward Processing and Risk for Depression Across Development.
Luking KR, Pagliaccio D, Luby JL, Barch DM
Trends Cogn Sci. 2016 Jun; 20(6)456-68. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.04.002.

PMID:
    27131776
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Breastfeeding and Childhood IQ: The Mediating Role of Gray Matter Volume.
Luby JL, Belden AC, Whalen D, Harms MP, Barch DM
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 May; 55(5)367-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.02.009.

PMID:
    27126850
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Preschool is a sensitive period for the influence of maternal support on the trajectory of hippocampal development.
Luby JL, Belden A, Harms MP, Tillman R, Barch DM
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 May 17; 113(20)5742-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1601443113.

PMID:
    27114522
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Depression Risk Predicts Blunted Neural Responses to Gains and Enhanced Responses to Losses in Healthy Children.
Luking KR, Pagliaccio D, Luby JL, Barch DM
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 Apr; 55(4)328-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.01.007.

PMID:
    27015724
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Dr. Whalen et al. reply.
Whalen DJ, Belden AC, Luby JL, Barch D, Dixon-Gordon K
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 Mar; 55(3)243-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.12.003.

PMID:
    26903258
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Early Childhood Behavioral Inhibition Predicts Cortical Thickness in Adulthood.
Sylvester CM, Barch DM, Harms MP, Belden AC, Oakberg TJ, Gold AL, White LK, Benson BE, Troller-Renfree S, Degnan KA, Henderson HA, Luby JL, Fox NA, Pine DS
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 Feb; 55(2)122-9.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.11.007.

PMID:
    26802779
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Amygdala reactivity to sad faces in preschool children: An early neural marker of persistent negative affect.
Gaffrey MS, Barch DM, Luby JL
Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Feb; 1794-100. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.12.015.

PMID:
    26780113
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Latent class profiles of depressive symptoms from early to middle childhood: predictors, outcomes, and gender effects.
Whalen DJ, Luby JL, Tilman R, Mike A, Barch D, Belden AC
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2016 Jul; 57(7)794-804. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12518.

PMID:
    26748606
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Functional connectivity of the amygdala and subgenual cingulate during cognitive reappraisal of emotions in children with MDD history is associated with rumination.
Murphy ER, Barch DM, Pagliaccio D, Luby JL, Belden AC
Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Apr; 1889-100. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.11.003.

PMID:
    26746624
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Early Childhood Depression and Alterations in the Trajectory of Gray Matter Maturation in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence.
Luby JL, Belden AC, Jackson JJ, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Harms MP, Tillman R, Botteron K, Whalen D, Barch DM
JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 Jan; 73(1)31-8. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.2356.

PMID:
    26676835
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Treatment of Early-Age Mania: Outcomes for Partial and Nonresponders to Initial Treatment.
Walkup JT, Wagner KD, Miller L, Yenokyan G, Luby JL, Joshi PT, Axelson DA, Robb A, Salpekar JA, Wolf D, Sanyal A, Birmaher B, Vitiello B, Riddle MA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 54(12)1008-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.09.015.

PMID:
    26598476
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Depression and Suicidality Outcomes in the Treatment of Early Age Mania Study.
Salpekar JA, Joshi PT, Axelson DA, Reinblatt SP, Yenokyan G, Sanyal A, Walkup JT, Vitiello B, Luby JL, Wagner KD, Nusrat N, Riddle MA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 54(12)999-1007.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.09.016.

PMID:
    26598475
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations

Areas of Research Interest

Studies of early onset depression, validators, clinical characteristics, biological markers and alterations in brain structure and function related to early onset depression; Psychotherapeutic treatments for early onset depression focusing on emotion development; Studies of early experience and brain development; Studies of alterations in emotion development in early onset mood disorders; Novel treatments for early onset depression focused on attention bias; and sensitive periods in emotion development.