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C. Robert Cloninger, MD

Wallace Renard Professor, Psychiatry
Professor, Genetics
Professor, Psychology
Director, Center for Psychobiology of Personality

Specialty Areas

Psychological Testing
Adult Psychiatry

Board Certifications

Psychiatry

Hospital Affiliations

Barnes-Jewish Hospital

Referral Information

Not Accepting New Patients

Areas of Clinical Interest

General psychology, personality testing. Research Interests: Genetic epidemiology, genetics of alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

Barnes-Jewish Hospital (South)
Renard Hospital Building

4940 Children's Place
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: Room 3308
Office Phone: 314-362-7005
Fax: 314-362-5594

Education

Education

Fellowship: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1969
Medical Degree: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1970
B.A.: Philosophy, Psychology, Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 1966

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

How to tell a happy from an unhappy schizotype: personality factors and mental health outcomes in individuals with psychotic experiences.
Alminhana LO, Farias M, Claridge G, Cloninger CR, Moreira-Almeida A
Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2016 Nov 24; 0. doi: 10.1590/1516-4446-2016-1944.

PMID:
    27901211
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Stress reactivity and personality in extreme sport athletes: The psychobiology of BASE jumpers.
Monasterio E, Mei-Dan O, Hackney AC, Lane AR, Zwir I, Rozsa S, Cloninger CR
Physiol Behav. 2016 Sep 29; 167289-297. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.09.025.

PMID:
    27693575
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


The influence of temperament and character profiles on specialty choice and well-being in medical residents.
Sievert M, Zwir I, Cloninger KM, Lester N, Rozsa S, Cloninger CR
PeerJ. 2016 Sep 6; 4e2319. doi: 10.7717/peerj.2319.

PMID:
    27651982
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Rethinking registrar attributes for Australian rural general practice training.
Eley DS, Laurence C, David M, Cloninger CR, Walters L
Aust J Rural Health. 2016 Sep 7; doi: 10.1111/ajr.12319.

PMID:
    27600456
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Identifying the Dominant Personality Profiles in Medical Students: Implications for Their Well-Being and Resilience.
Eley DS, Leung J, Hong BA, Cloninger KM, Cloninger CR
PLoS One. 2016 Aug 5; 11(8)e0160028. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160028.

PMID:
    27494401
    [Unknown status]
Related citations


Association between neurological soft signs, temperament and character in patients with schizophrenia and non-psychotic relatives.
Galindo L, Pastoriza F, Bergé D, Mané A, Picado M, Bulbena A, Robledo P, Pérez V, Vilarroya O, Cloninger CR
PeerJ. 2016 Apr 26; 4e1651. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1651.

PMID:
    27168955
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Use of the Temperament and Character Inventory to Predict Response to Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Major Depression.
Siddiqi SH, Chockalingam R, Cloninger CR, Lenze EJ, Cristancho P
J Psychiatr Pract. 2016 May; 22(3)193-202. doi: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000150.

PMID:
    27123799
    [Unknown status]
Related citations


Psychometric properties of the Greek TCI-R and its clinical correlates: schizotypy and the self-regulation of affective and cognitive functioning.
Giakoumaki SG, Karagiannopoulou L, Rózsa S, Zouraraki C, Karamaouna P, Cloninger CR
PeerJ. 2016 Mar 22; 4e1830. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1830.

PMID:
    27019787
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Evidence for Genetic Overlap Between Schizophrenia and Age at First Birth in Women.
Mehta D, Tropf FC, Gratten J, Bakshi A, Zhu Z, Bacanu SA, Hemani G, Magnusson PK, Barban N, Esko T, Metspalu A, Snieder H, Mowry BJ, Kendler KS, Yang J, Visscher PM, McGrath JJ, Mills MC, Wray NR, Lee SH, Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, LifeLines Cohort Study, and TwinsUK., Andreassen OA, Bramon E, Bruggeman R, Buxbaum JD, Cairns MJ, Cantor RM, Cloninger CR, Cohen D, Crespo-Facorro B, Darvasi A, DeLisi LE, Dinan T, Djurovic S, Donohoe G, Drapeau E, Escott-Price V, Freimer NB, Georgieva L, de Haan L, Henskens FA, Joa I, Julià A, Khrunin A, Lerer B, Limborska S, Loughland CM, Macek M Jr, Magnusson PK, Marsal S, McCarley RW, McIntosh AM, McQuillin A, Melegh B, Michie PT, Morris DW, Murphy KC, Myin-Germeys I, Olincy A, Van Os J, Pantelis C, Posthuma D, Quested D, Schall U, Scott RJ, Seidman LJ, Toncheva D, Tooney PA, Waddington J, Weinberger DR, Weiser M, Wu JQ
JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 May 1; 73(5)497-505. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0129.

PMID:
    27007234
    [Unknown status]
Related citations


Prediction of Neurocognitive Deficits by Parkinsonian Motor Impairment in Schizophrenia: A Study in Neuroleptic-Naïve Subjects, Unaffected First-Degree Relatives and Healthy Controls From an Indigenous Population.
Molina JL, González Alemán G, Florenzano N, Padilla E, Calvó M, Guerrero G, Kamis D, Stratton L, Toranzo J, Molina Rangeon B, Hernández Cuervo H, Bourdieu M, Sedó M, Strejilevich S, Cloninger CR, Escobar JI, de Erausquin GA
Schizophr Bull. 2016 Nov; 42(6)1486-1495.

PMID:
    26994395
    [Unknown status]
Related citations


The genetic and environmental structure of the character sub-scales of the temperament and character inventory in adolescence.
Lester N, Garcia D, Lundström S, Brändström S, Råstam M, Kerekes N, Nilsson T, Cloninger CR, Anckarsäter H
Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2016 Mar 12; 1510. doi: 10.1186/s12991-016-0094-2.

PMID:
    26973705
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Genetic influences on schizophrenia and subcortical brain volumes: large-scale proof of concept.
Franke B, Stein JL, Ripke S, Anttila V, Hibar DP, van Hulzen KJ, Arias-Vasquez A, Smoller JW, Nichols TE, Neale MC, McIntosh AM, Lee P, McMahon FJ, Meyer-Lindenberg A, Mattheisen M, Andreassen OA, Gruber O, Sachdev PS, Roiz-Santiañez R, Saykin AJ, Ehrlich S, Mather KA, Turner JA, Schwarz E, Thalamuthu A, Yao Y, Ho YY, Martin NG, Wright MJ, Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium., Psychosis Endophenotypes International Consortium., Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium 2., Enigma Consortium., O'Donovan MC, Thompson PM, Neale BM, Medland SE, Sullivan PF
Nat Neurosci. 2016 Mar; 19(3)420-31. doi: 10.1038/nn.4228.

PMID:
    26854805
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


A meta-analysis of temperament and character dimensions in patients with mood disorders: Comparison to healthy controls and unaffected siblings.
Zaninotto L, Solmi M, Toffanin T, Veronese N, Cloninger CR, Correll CU
J Affect Disord. 2016 Apr; 19484-97. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.077.

PMID:
    26803780
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Personality characteristics and attributes of international medical graduates in general practice training: Implications for supporting this valued Australian workforce.
Laurence CO, Eley DS, Walters L, Elliott T, Cloninger CR
Aust J Rural Health. 2016 Oct; 24(5)333-339. doi: 10.1111/ajr.12273.

PMID:
    26799140
    [Unknown status]
Related citations


The Role of Temperament in the Etiopathogenesis of Bipolar Spectrum Illness.
Fountoulakis KN, Gonda X, Koufaki I, Hyphantis T, Cloninger CR
Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jan-Feb; 24(1)36-52. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000077.

PMID:
    26735322
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


The revised Temperament and Character Inventory: normative data by sex and age from a Spanish normal randomized sample.
Gutierrez-Zotes A, Labad J, Martorell L, Gaviria A, Bayón C, Vilella E, Cloninger CR
PeerJ. 2015 Dec 22; 3e1481. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1481.

PMID:
    26713237
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Genome-wide association study reveals greater polygenic loading for schizophrenia in cases with a family history of illness.
Bigdeli TB, Ripke S, Bacanu SA, Lee SH, Wray NR, Gejman PV, Rietschel M, Cichon S, St Clair D, Corvin A, Kirov G, McQuillin A, Gurling H, Rujescu D, Andreassen OA, Werge T, Blackwood DH, Pato CN, Pato MT, Malhotra AK, O'Donovan MC, Kendler KS, Fanous AH, Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium.
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2016 Mar; 171B(2)276-89. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.32402.

PMID:
    26663532
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


The association of parental temperament and character on their children's behavior problems.
Lee SJ, Cloninger CR, Park SH, Chae H
PeerJ. 2015 Dec 1; 3e1464. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1464.

PMID:
    26644991
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Who attracts whom to rural general practice? Variation in temperament and character profiles of GP registrars across different vocational training pathways.
Eley DS, Laurence C, Cloninger CR, Walters L
Rural Remote Health. 2015 Oct-Dec; 15(4)3426.

PMID:
    26572965
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Detection, Assessment, and Management of Schizophrenia in an Andean Population of South America: Parkinsonism Testing and Transcranial Ultrasound as Preventive Tools.
Balda M, Calvó M, Padilla E, Guerrero G, Molina J, Florenzano NV, Kamis D, Escobar JI, Cloninger CR, de Erausquin G
Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2015 Fall; 13(4)432-440.

PMID:
    26516317
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations