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Faculty Physicians

C. Robert Cloninger, MD

Wallace Renard Professor, Psychiatry
Professor, Genetics
Professor, Psychology
Director, Center for Psychobiology of Personality

Specialty Areas

Psychological Testing
Adult Psychiatry

Board Certifications

Psychiatry

Hospital Affiliations

Barnes-Jewish Hospital

Referral Information

Not Accepting New Patients

Areas of Clinical Interest

General psychology, personality testing. Research Interests: Genetic epidemiology, genetics of alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder

  • Maps & Directions
  • Education
  • Publication & Research

Maps & Directions

Maps & Directions

Barnes-Jewish Hospital (South)
Renard Hospital Building

4940 Children's Place
Room 1116
St. Louis, MO 63110

Suite: Room 3308
Office Phone: 314-362-7005
Fax: 314-362-5594

Education

Education

Fellowship: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1969
Medical Degree: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 1970
B.A.: Philosophy, Psychology, Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 1966

Publication & Research

Publication & Research

A meta-analysis of temperament and character dimensions in patients with mood disorders: Comparison to healthy controls and unaffected siblings.
Zaninotto L, Solmi M, Toffanin T, Veronese N, Cloninger CR, Correll CU
J Affect Disord. 2016 Jan 1; 19484-97. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.077.

PMID:
    26803780
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


Personality characteristics and attributes of international medical graduates in general practice training: Implications for supporting this valued Australian workforce.
Laurence CO, Eley DS, Walters L, Elliott T, Cloninger CR
Aust J Rural Health. 2016 Jan 21; doi: 10.1111/ajr.12273.

PMID:
    26799140
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Related citations


The Role of Temperament in the Etiopathogenesis of Bipolar Spectrum Illness.
Fountoulakis KN, Gonda X, Koufaki I, Hyphantis T, Cloninger CR
Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jan-Feb; 24(1)36-52. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000077.

PMID:
    26735322
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


The revised Temperament and Character Inventory: normative data by sex and age from a Spanish normal randomized sample.
Gutierrez-Zotes A, Labad J, Martorell L, Gaviria A, Bayón C, Vilella E, Cloninger CR
PeerJ. 2015; 3e1481. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1481.

PMID:
    26713237
    [PubMed]
Related citations


The association of parental temperament and character on their children's behavior problems.
Lee SJ, Cloninger CR, Park SH, Chae H
PeerJ. 2015; 3e1464. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1464.

PMID:
    26644991
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Who attracts whom to rural general practice? Variation in temperament and character profiles of GP registrars across different vocational training pathways.
Eley DS, Laurence C, Cloninger CR, Walters L
Rural Remote Health. 2015 Oct-Dec; 15(4)3426.

PMID:
    26572965
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Detection, Assessment, and Management of Schizophrenia in an Andean Population of South America: Parkinsonism Testing and Transcranial Ultrasound as Preventive Tools.
Balda M, Calvó M, Padilla E, Guerrero G, Molina J, Florenzano NV, Kamis D, Escobar JI, Cloninger CR, de Erausquin G
Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2015 Fall; 13(4)432-440.

PMID:
    26516317
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Association of SNPs in EGR3 and ARC with Schizophrenia Supports a Biological Pathway for Schizophrenia Risk.
Huentelman MJ, Muppana L, Corneveaux JJ, Dinu V, Pruzin JJ, Reiman R, Borish CN, De Both M, Ahmed A, Todorov A, Cloninger CR, Zhang R, Ma J, Gallitano AL
PLoS One. 2015; 10(10)e0135076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135076.

PMID:
    26474411
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Modeling Linkage Disequilibrium Increases Accuracy of Polygenic Risk Scores.
Vilhjálmsson BJ, Yang J, Finucane HK, Gusev A, Lindström S, Ripke S, Genovese G, Loh PR, Bhatia G, Do R, Hayeck T, Won HH, Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, Discovery, Biology, and Risk of Inherited Variants in Breast Cancer (DRIVE) study, Kathiresan S, Pato M, Pato C, Tamimi R, Stahl E, Zaitlen N, Pasaniuc B, Belbin G, Kenny EE, Schierup MH, De Jager P, Patsopoulos NA, McCarroll S, Daly M, Purcell S, Chasman D, Neale B, Goddard M, Visscher PM, Kraft P, Patterson N, Price AL
Am J Hum Genet. 2015 Oct 1; 97(4)576-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.09.001.

PMID:
    26430803
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Standardization and normative data of the Greek version of the temperament and character inventory (TCI).
Fountoulakis KN, Rozsa S, Siamouli M, Moutou K, Pantoula E, Cloninger CR
Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2015; 1428. doi: 10.1186/s12991-015-0067-x.

PMID:
    26396587
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Increased Reward-Related Behaviors during Sleep and Wakefulness in Sleepwalking and Idiopathic Nightmares.
Perogamvros L, Aberg K, Gex-Fabry M, Perrig S, Cloninger CR, Schwartz S
PLoS One. 2015; 10(8)e0134504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134504.

PMID:
    26287974
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Decomposition of brain diffusion imaging data uncovers latent schizophrenias with distinct patterns of white matter anisotropy.
Arnedo J, Mamah D, Baranger DA, Harms MP, Barch DM, Svrakic DM, de Erausquin GA, Cloninger CR, Zwir I
Neuroimage. 2015 Oct 15; 12043-54. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.06.083.

PMID:
    26151103
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Sugarcoated isolation: evidence that social avoidance is linked to higher basal glucose levels and higher consumption of glucose.
Ein-Dor T, Coan JA, Reizer A, Gross EB, Dahan D, Wegener MA, Carel R, Cloninger CR, Zohar AH
Front Psychol. 2015; 6492. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00492.

PMID:
    25954240
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Personality profiles of rural longitudinal integrated clerkship students who choose family medicine.
Eley DS, Brooks KD, Zink T, Cloninger CR
Fam Med. 2015 Mar; 47(3)194-203.

PMID:
    25853530
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Some personality traits converge gradually by long-term partnership through the lifecourse--genetic and environmental structure of Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions.
Yang S, Sung J, Kim JH, Song YM, Lee K, Kim HN, Kim HL, Cloninger CR
J Psychiatr Res. 2015 Apr; 6343-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.01.020.

PMID:
    25748752
    [PubMed - in process]
Related citations


Cloninger's temperament and character traits in medical students of Korea with problem eating behaviors.
Lee SJ, Cloninger CR, Chae H
Compr Psychiatry. 2015 May; 5998-106. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.02.006.

PMID:
    25732413
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Joint analysis of psychiatric disorders increases accuracy of risk prediction for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder.
Maier R, Moser G, Chen GB, Ripke S, Cross-Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, Coryell W, Potash JB, Scheftner WA, Shi J, Weissman MM, Hultman CM, Landén M, Levinson DF, Kendler KS, Smoller JW, Wray NR, Lee SH
Am J Hum Genet. 2015 Feb 5; 96(2)283-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.12.006.

PMID:
    25640677
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Temperamental and character profiles of preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and anxiety disorders.
Melegari MG, Nanni V, Lucidi F, Russo PM, Donfrancesco R, Cloninger CR
Compr Psychiatry. 2015 Apr; 5894-101. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.01.001.

PMID:
    25636952
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations


Personality and well-being in adolescents.
Moreira PA, Cloninger CR, Dinis L, Sá L, Oliveira JT, Dias A, Oliveira J
Front Psychol. 2014; 51494. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01494.

PMID:
    25610408
    [PubMed]
Related citations


Psychiatric genome-wide association study analyses implicate neuronal, immune and histone pathways.
Network and Pathway Analysis Subgroup of Psychiatric Genomics Consortium
Nat Neurosci. 2015 Feb; 18(2)199-209. doi: 10.1038/nn.3922.

PMID:
    25599223
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations